Citroen 2CV, but more the ugly duckling

papoj1 09-02-2018 Auto
The ugly duckling is a Citroen car. This car is today still a familiar face on the road. Between 1948 and 1990, there are five million ducks made.

The history

The history of this remarkable car began with Citroën's plans to build a car for the countryside. In the time this plan was made; In 1935 there were a lot of unpaved roads and so often of poor quality. The car had a clear purpose; he had to be attuned to things that zoal transported a farmer. Because it was designed for the rural environment he did not have to be luxurious and had to be easy to maintain. The design requirements were that it include two farmers and a sack of potatoes, a farmer and a sheep or a farmer with a barrel of wine be able to carry. Furthermore, the list of demands was of course from which he had to have a low consumption, had to be cheap and reliable. However, the most challenging was it to be a must carton of eggs with a plowed field transported without going broke.
The car would be launched initially in 1939 at a car show, but the war is terminated plan. After the war, techniques that were originally designed for military purposes, also be applied in the car. The design was also very much changed. The first test series was made, and to test the techniques were groups vets a car, because after all, they came from everywhere and nowhere and at the worst roads. These cars were otherwise spartan well equipped. Eventually the car was presented to the public in 1948. At launch the car was already nicknamed the ugly duck fitted by a journalist that the car was a monstrosity. The reason he had called him that because Citroën around that time used as a swan logo.
After the introduction farmers in France were really speak to the car, which created a waiting period of years. The car was a great success in France, despite the restricted audience of country and service. This allows the duck was not until 1952 exported abroad. Incidentally, the Netherlands had the honor of being the first export country. The first few years he sold otherwise bad, but later also went in the Netherlands sales up quickly.
In countries where the car was also available later came the same sales as the Netherlands. Later, in the seventies, the model became outdated, but was still well produced. After all it was the countryside, the people at minimal cost in a car and wanted to drive the people for whom the ugly duck cult status still has a big market. The last 2CV rolled in 1990 of the band.
There are at Citroën plans to the ugly duck, though their talk about the 2CV, to breathe a new life as has been done with the Volkswagen Beetle. The plans are expected for 2009.

The car

The first ugly duckling was equipped with a 375 cc 2 cylinder 4 stroke air cooled engine. The engine design has largely remained the same, the engine power is inflated. The power went from 8hp to 30hp. This allows the car today can still appear reasonable on the highway, because its maximum speed is 120 kilometers per hour. Also, the size of the car, and thereby the load capacity increased in the course of time.
What also is very different to the ugly duck is the gearshift. This is because in contrast to all other cars on the dashboard. Also varies the location of the gears. Because of the old technique involves switching easy, apart from the 2 to 1. The first gear is not synchronized, which ensures that you actually have to stand still to use the first gear. It can be mobile, but then you have 'clutchen. This is a technique of switching which was widely used. To turn up, it was the art of poker in a move quickly through the push into the higher gear and then during the movement to take the dead part throttle back.
To go one gear down you have to 'double clutchen', which means that you first pull the lever of the gear in the dead area and then gives a dot gas and then immediately by pushing the lever.
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Comments (1)

Since nov. 2006 I own the duck in the photo, nice to see my duckling.