Eilat - located on the Gulf of Eilat
The idea to build railways in Palestine came from Sir Moses Montefiori least 1839. The first rails between Jaffa and Jerusalem was completed in 1890. The travel time was 3 hours and 50 minutes. In 1892 the first train arrived in Jerusalem. In 1904 a railway between Haifa and Beit She'an was put into use. A year later the track was extended to Damascus. In 1915 the Turks put a rail between Afula and the Sinai desert. The railway ran through Tulkarm and Beer Sheva. The track was designed for the military. In 1919 the British opened a route between Egypt and Haifa via Lod. A line was built between Rosh Ha'ayin and Petah Tikva. Drove daily train between Haifa and Cairo. In 1942 a line between Haifa, Beirut and Tripoli was opened to train traffic.
After the establishment of the State of Israel
The Israeli government since 1948 has been the manager of the rail network in Israel. In 1950 a road was built for passenger trains between Haifa, Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. The travel time was approximately 4 hours. In 1954 was opened in Tel Aviv Savivor the train station. In 1956 a route was opened between Naan and Beer Sheva. Then a train station opened in Haifa Bat-Galim and there was a route between Beer Sheva and Dimona. After the Six Day War was the connection between East Kuneitra and the Port Taufik recovered. In 1979 the track was lifted between Kiriat Gat and Dimona because of too few passengers.
More train connections were there at:
- Dimona Oron
- Negev - Nachal Zinn
- Kiriat Gat - Ashkelon
- Tel Avid - Rechovot
- Tel Aviv - Netanya
- Haifa - Krayot
- Ros Ha'ayin - Tel Aviv
- Tel Aviv - Ben Gurion airport
- Beer Sheva - Ramat Hovav - freight
- Tel Aviv - Ben Gurion airport - Modiin
It also highlighted a number of new railway stations are at:
- Tel Aviv Hashalom train station
- HaKarmel Train Haifa
- Tel Aviv University Train Station
- Beer Sheva Central Train Station
- Ben Gurion Airport railway station
- Malka Jerusalem railway station
- Ashkelon railway station
- Lehavim-Rahat Railway Station
- Modiin Central railway station
- Petach Tikva ?? Kiryat Arie railway station
- Lod ?? Ganei Aviv railway station
Other developments concerning the rail network:
- Creation of ?? The Ports and Railways Authority ??
- Use of IC3 trains
- 37 new passenger carriages from Spain
- 21 new diesel locomotives from Spain
- Establishment of the Israel Railways Corporation Ltd.
- Improving railways Ashdod-Ashkelon and Beer Sheva-Dimona
Future railway line Tel Aviv - EilatLegendaA Tel Aviv
C Negev desert
D Be'er Sheva
Not only for Eilat is the construction of a rail economically beneficial. All Israel can benefit from this. There may then because many more ships from Asia to dock in Eilat. With India and China, Israel has increasingly positive trade relations. Israel can also be a transit country between Europe and Asia. For the Negev this development is also beneficial. The Negev is a peripheral area and may by the arrival of the railway to develop much better. Consider, moreover, that the IDF has decided to move the largest military base in the center of the country to the area of Beer Sheva where a huge military base to come. The Israeli government wants to Beer Sheva and surroundings also make it a high-tech hub. This will attract many highly educated young families with children.
But economy has endured some at odds with ecology. When Israel had to be built in the 50s and 60s of last century there was very little done to preserve the landscape. It was 'at random' built without taking into account damage to the environment. Nowadays it is a lot better in Israel. Yet the Jewish state with this project will be much more to take into account the landscape. In particular, the coral reefs at Eilat seem to run damage if shipping increases. Israel will also be in the Negev desert to take into account the ecosystem of the desert area. There will be many ecoducts and tunnels must be built to avoid damaging too much the nature.
In short, Israel can benefit immensely from a rail link between Eilat and Tel Aviv as long as one takes into account the nature. Nature is too much damaged, tourists will stay away and this will eventually lead to an economic noose.