Go West! The locomotive 4-4-0 "American" Wild West

The train has made a great contribution to the opening of the American Wild West. The steam locomotive 4-4-0 ?? American ?? is rightly known as the figurehead of the conquest and was seen in numerous feature films and documentaries, including the western "Once Upon a Time in the West", by Sergio Leone. The 4-4-0, an eight-wheeler, remained until the forties of the last century of exceptional service, almost a hundred years after the design phase.

Content

  • The opening of the Wild West
  • Precursor to the American 4-4-0 ?? ??
  • The American 4-4-0 ?? ?? ?? a workhorse with style
  • Technical specifications of the American 4-4-0 ?? ?? Nr. 909
  • Faded glory

The opening of the Wild West

The train has played a major role in the conquest ?? ?? from the western part of North America. After the War of Independence in 1804, President Jefferson sent an expedition westward to bring the new areas to the west coast in map. Not long after leaving the first pioneers to the west, a border which increasingly moved westward. That was the time of the trappers. Scientists followed. Like the settlers in the Wild West ?? ?? sought a new life. The Oregon Trail is a good example. These settlers route was about 3500 km long and ran from Missouri to the border between Washington and Oregon. For the pioneers that trail became less important when the transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869. The train largely took over the wagon. However, it took a long time before the train was social and socially accepted. One of the legendary locomotive that transported settlers to faraway places, was the 4-4-0 'American'.
John Bull

Precursor to the American 4-4-0 ?? ??

This locomotive, John Bull, was purchased in 1831 in England and shipped to America as a kit and put together. The initiator was Robert Stevens. He was seen as the founder of American railroads. Already in 1821 he asked permission for the construction of a railway line in New Jersey. This initiative was drilled into the ground. A train was considered to be something dangerous, like a pipe dream. The John Bull was put together differently than the supplier had anticipated. There was also a buffalo catcher ?? ?? mounted on a wider track for sweeping branches and stones while driving on the track. In 1831 the John Bull was used on the 45-kilometer railway line from Camden to Bordentown. This locomotive was the forerunner of the American 4-4-0 ?? ?? be.

The American 4-4-0 ?? ?? ?? a workhorse with style

This locomotive was designed in 1855 by Rogers from New Jersey. In that period, there was much demand for fast locomotives with plenty of pulling power. Furthermore, they had relatively light because the US does not track the differently able. Passengers across long distances, that was the motto. The speed of 4-4-0 in that period was 60 km / hour, but he was much harder. Many manufacturers proceeded to its construction. Between 1855 and 1880, more than 25,000 Americans 4-4-0 ?? ?? ordered. Later they were replaced by tienwielers.

Technical specifications of the American 4-4-0 ?? ?? Nr. 909

Originally deployed in New York ?? Central Hudson River Railroad
  • Total weight: 92.5 t
  • Overall length: 17,63 m
  • Weight per axle: 19 t
  • Traction: 7.38 t
  • Cylinders: two of 483 x 610 mm
  • Diameter driving wheels: 2.184 m
  • Boiler Pressure: 12.6 bar
  • Firebox grate surface: 2.85 m²
  • Content coal tender: 7 t
  • Contents water tender: 13.5 t

Faded glory

In the subsequent period, the American ?? ?? improved and adapted. However, the old 4-4-0 symbolizes the American heyday in the second half of the 19th century. The locomotive, in all its variations, is seen in numerous films, including The General Buster Keaton and Once Upon a Time in the West Sergio Leone. Over the years, tens of thousands of locomotives which have been built. Several of them are well-preserved and still in operation. Many are on display in museums.