Hot air ballooning is the oldest form of aviation because however much they tried to fly like a bird in the air, it only succeeded in the 18th century and with a hot air balloon. Did you know that almost done was sentenced to death two French prisoners went down in history as the first air boaters. This never came !! The year is 1783 and we are in France in a village near Paris when we talk about the history of aviation and in particular ballooning. The Montgolfier brothers run as a paper mill and discover that the fire shredded paper move upwards. Another and spicy version of the story is that they see the skirt of the housekeeper completely swells as soon as it is close to the fire. They decide to experiment and make a balloon of paper. They discover that the balloon rises above the fire and think that the smoke from the fire creates the lift of the balloon. That the hot air was there for the cause, they knew at that point yet.
The balloons were increasingly created and each time managed to do it again the balloon rise. They went further and saw the opportunity to make a balloon in which people could be transported. Because no one knew whether this would go well, they decided to first use some animals as guinea pigs; The choice fell on the rabbit but not a sheep, a rooster and a duck. The balloon was brought into position over the open fire and then increased after some time with the animals on to land after 8 minutes. Spotless went not because the sheep kicked when landing on the leg of the rooster, who had to suffer for it with a broken leg.
It was of course inevitable, and they now wanted the first people on the air. Initially, it was decided to use two prisoners sentenced to death but they have met resistance because it was realized that a successful sail two prisoners would go down in history as the first air boaters. They therefore went looking for a few volunteers who were found in the person of Francois Pilatre de Rozier and Marquis d'Arlandes. It was November 21, 1783 when thousands of interested people gathered in Paris. Louis XVI was present and saw all the others that the balloon from the Bois de Boulogne took to the air. The momentum lasted considerably longer and after 25 minutes the balloon landed 8 km from the opstijgplek. The flight was born.
Other scientists, however, were not idle, and in the same year in December, the first gas balloon was in the air, a closed balloon filled with gas. If gas is extremely flammable hydrogen was used and a gas balloon, a sailing directly been made for more than two hours. When the gas balloon, after all, there was no loss of heat because the principle of the gas balloon is that the gas in the balloon is lighter than the gas mixture around it. Because the gas balloons were much safer than the hot air balloons of that time is the following years almost only dangers in gas balloons. With this kind of balloons or a combination of hot air balloons and gas balloons were then pushed every limit. One example is the couple Blanchard, a well-known couple in ballooning. She performed everywhere and attracted many spectators and when her husband died Madeleine continued the stunt work with balloons, but she dies in an accident with a balloon caught fire. Meanwhile the first aeronaut, Pilatre de Rozier even fatal injuries when he attempted to stabbing over to England from France in a combination balloon, gas and hot air. He had not taken into account with the combustibility of the hydrogen.
The balloons have further played an important role in wars because from a high vantage point one could easily study the enemy lines. Was allowed to rise to the balloon lines and messages along those lines to let down one slide was notified on the basis of the situation. The advent of artillery came to the role quickly ended because the big balloon was an easy target. The gas balloon then was in construction, however, so well that he now still being used in the same form, although not with hydrogen, but with the much safer noble gas helium. Hot air balloons have a long development behind and are now made of light almost non-flammable nylon. Propane is the fuel that is used, and, of course, meets the construction of a balloon at all nowadays laid down stringent requirements.
The history of ballooning balloonists has known many, many record attempts and records. The rounds of the world was the last major challenge and was completed on March 20, 1999 after a period of 20 days. Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones were the heroes of the 20th century.
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