The light rail is a light rail link between the cities of The Hague, Rotterdam and Zoetermeer. This connection is created by linking the Hofpleinlijn and the Zoetermeer town line to the Rotterdam metro network respectively, and the Hague tram network.
In 1908 the first electric train was a fact. Which began at the Hofplein in Rotterdam, then read in the center, and rode to HS station in The Hague. There was also a branch line to Scheveningen, both from The Hague HS and Rotterdam Hofplein was directly accessible. The split was located on the border of Voorburg and The Hague, where the arch now CBS is. By the comfort and convenience of the train, and the favorable tax climate, many wealthy Rotterdam's citizens began to pull Voorburg and Wassenaar, who once flourished so well partly to thank for the Hofpleinlijn. On this favorable growth came through the war to an end. The train could not drive to Scheveningen, and the direct connection to Rotterdam Wassenaar was reopened late, leaving commuters switched en masse on the car. It NS decided to close the branch to Scheveningen in 1953 because it was unprofitable. However, always has the presumption that the desire of city of The Hague to build Mariahoeve has also had a big influence in that decision. After 50 years, the train several times threatened to close the rest of the Hofpleinlijn too, but with the help of the government, including the Municipality of Pijnacker, that did not happen.
In 1977 there is even a branch come to Zoetermeer. That city was at that moment in attendance, where many families went to The Hague. Because they were often working in The Hague, there are many alternatives devised Zoetermeer with unlocking OV, outside the existing railway stations were unfavorably located in relation to the buildings. Originally thought to be a light rail operated by HTM, but was soon decided that the train was carrying a circle line through the city. That way, every neighborhood had a railway station, and was somewhat similar to the S-Bahn in Germany. In the vernacular, the line ?? The Sprinter ?? called, named for the type of train which was designed specifically for this type subway train. Nevertheless came rather quickly eroding it. The line got a bad name because of the many black riders and other criminal cases. Also this compound turned like Hofpleinlijn especially commuters, while the NS will focus primarily on long-distance transport. The Zoetermeer town line and the Hofplein were nominated by NS as unprofitable lines.
Then at the end of the year ?? 80 a report came over light rail. Many reports and proposals have seen the light, which shifted include Tram 1 of HTM would be through Plaspoelpolder, and a branch of the Hofpleinlijn of Rodenrijs to Berkel and Bergschenhoek, parallel to the HSL, called ?? Paw Berkel ??. Also links between Zoetermeer and Pijnacker, and underground tunnels to Scheveningen Harbour, Scheveningen Bad, and even Loosduinen was mooted. However, the essence has always been familiar to ram the Hofpleinlijn and Zoetermeer City Line. In the beginning of this century, the NS indicated to want to get rid of these lines. Then, people also come up with a final proposal. The impregnation of the Hofpleinlijn to Scheveningen is not continued as subway line. Also, the direct rail connection from Zoetermeer to Rotterdam did not go ahead because of the insufficient transport volume. However, it was decided to link the Zoetermeer Line and tram at the tram network of The Hague's HTM, and linking Hofpleinlijn to the metro network of Rotterdam RET. There is also a so-called Ro scheduled bus line that runs through a dedicated bus lane from Zoetermeer to Station Rodenrijs. As the bus connects with the subway to Rotterdam.
In The Hague, the infrastructure of tram line 3 adapted to by the wider light rail vehicles from driving. Tram 3 the narrow downtown was shifted to the tram tunnel under the center of The Hague. Is also the route of tram 6 adjusted and laid out by the Apeldoornselaan new track so that does not need light rail through the narrow Paul Kruger Avenue or Hobbemastraat. As a result, the passengers of 6 tram quickly in the center. Furthermore, at Ternoot a new connection created by Princess Beatrixlaan in Bezuidenhout. Which passes through a viaduct, what is called the Fishnets. In Zoetermeer's new track built. Just after Seghweart station, there is a branch line to the Oosterheem called the Oosterheem Line. This route has received three stations. In Rotterdam there is plenty of work on infrastructure. By the North District has constructed a bored tunnel, with Zoo station at Statenweg. This eliminates the need of travelers no longer impractical station Hofplein more use, but can be traveled directly to Central, and the center of Rotterdam and Rotterdam-Zuid. The viaduct to Hofplein unnecessary herewith. Because of the different vehicles, the platforms on which both drives the Rotterdam metro and tram The Hague, brought in two different heights. This is similar to the situation in Amstelveen. In June 2006, the operation stopped by the NS. There would be three months are needed to complete the line to be able to build. Due to the heat and other setbacks, the start is delayed.
What could be started on 10 September 2006 and will run between Rotterdam Hofplein Nootdorp. 29 October 2006 has also begun between four light rail stop Javalaan in Zoetermeer, and Monsters in The Hague. This operation had many faults, and even two derailments at Central Station in The Hague. This turned out because of wear and tear on the tracks. On 12 November 2006 is also the part of the Erasmus Line to The Hague CS commissioned. RET also suffered from disturbances in the Hague area, they even let travelers have a week free transport. But on November 29 derailed in half an hour two vehicles. At the stop Ternoot a vehicle HTM derailed, and the RET Forepark a vehicle. With the latter were even injured. Then, RandstadRail 4 shut down in its entirety, and the RR Erasmuslijn could continue to drive Hofplein Nootdorp. RET The vehicle is derailed because of a faulty substitution, and the derailment Ternoot due to the sloped rail position. In 2007, the city stretches RandstadRail RandstadRail 3 and 4 have been put into use. Because of this tram line 6 was shortened to Castricum Square, and four light rail going lateral connectivity buses from the Westland. Later there is a transfer station opened at Leyenburg where the buses ended up in the Westland, and 6 tram also got its endpoint, which was necessary for the connection to the Hague Market. In September the RR Erasmuslijn again go completely away, and in October the trams HTM're going drive to Zoetermeer. Although there is still occurring faults, the operation is reasonable. Trams run not punctually, but they run at a higher frequency as the sprinters. Right where the trams in the morning often overcrowded. Yet the number of passengers traveling between The Hague and Zoetermeer gegroeit. Where the sprinter drew 17 000 daily passengers, the HTM attracts 27 000 passengers. However, it should be mentioned that the sprinter had no branch to Oosterheem, nor stops in Leidschenveen. However, it is expected that the number of passengers grows by the growth in new housing developments and by the frequency increase on all three lines.
In 2009 the RR Erasmuslijn must be linked to the Rotterdam metro, and will close station Hofplein. There will also be a bus coming from Zoetermeer to Station Rodenrijs, which can be branched to the RR Erasmuslijn.
Also four light rail will be extended by at Tuylpark to the future station on the A12, on the border between Zoetermeer and Bleijswijk. Possibly can be drawn that line towards Rotterdam, but it is not yet certain. There will also be new stations in the Rotterdam region, Berkel-Westpolder, Meijersplein and Zoo. The Central Station of The Hague and Rotterdam are grown.
Hague also plans to trams 1, 9, and 11 convertible to light rail. Driving to the lines 1 and 11 than by the Binckhorst. There are also experiments to run the very busy tram line 2 with light rail vehicles.
There are also less tangible plans to withdraw by the Erasmus line to Scheveningen, but the feasibility seems nil. A tram from Zoetermeer to Rotterdam will be technically difficult feasible. Yet light rail very up and coming in the Netherlands, so the opportunities for the future are certainly present