Cadillac is a brand that appeals to the imagination, especially in metropolitan America. Americans are proud of their ?? ?? Caddy. The luxurious, large and strong cars of Cadillac, the star of many a film and song. In the US, Cadillac is untouchable and an outright success. Europe, however, never had to know something about it ?? to US ?? Cadillac. But thanks to parent company General Motors and a number of new European models, the story of Cadillac in Europe is slowly beginning to arrive in motion.
In 1902 draft Cadillac founder Henry Leland Martin his first prototype rolled first off the production line on October 17, 1903. In the following years Cadillac developed, and well too. So it got in 1908 the British "Dewar Trophy", which was then as it were, was considered the Nobel Prize for the automotive industry. Cadillac received the award because of their outstanding technical performance. In that same year, Cadillac namely first brand started producing and applying standardized, replaceable parts. The potential of Cadillac was quickly noticed, even by General Motors, which in 1909 Cadillac inlijfde.
In the first years under the wings of parent company General Motors, Cadillac remained primarily differentiate itself as a technically innovative car brand. The brand in 1910 introduced the world's first modern ignition system and in 1912, Cadillac is the world's first car manufacturer to supply its cars with an electric starter and interior lighting. Again Cadillac onderscheden with the Dewar Trophy. In 1915, Cadillac will build its first production model with a V8 engine. The engine has a displacement of only 5.1 liters and an output of 70 hp. Enough for a top speed of around 100 km / h.
Late 20s, early 30s Cadillac begins with the development of transmissions. In addition, presents the brand itself as a luxury brand, which builds cars with big engines and lots of power. So the Americans in 1930 to build the world's first production car with a V16 engine. A 4.7-liter V16 they squeeze 170 hp. In 1941 Cadillac comes second mark ever with a fully automatic transmission, Oldsmobile was off them just too fast.
In 1948 Cadillac comes with a model that meant a milestone in American automotive history. The Cadillac Sixty Special was the first car the famous tail fins. This concept could catch on in America gigantic and to be in the 60s. In 1949, Cadillac produced its millionth car. A year later, let the brand speak in racing himself. Cadillac debuts in the 24 Hours of Le Mans with a prototype of the Coup de Ville, perhaps one of the most famous cars in American automotive history. The brand does not without merit and will end on 10th place. An English team, driving with an Allard, earn from their car, powered by a Cadillac engine, the 3rd place.
The early 50s again be characterized by innovation and renewal. In 1953 Cadillac introduces air conditioning and in 1954 the rest mark the world's first all its models as standard with power steering. By the end of the 50s achieved the status of a phenomenal level as the Cadillac Eldorado Brougham and Eldorado are introduced. It is Cadillac's first muscle cars. The Eldorado Brougham is distinguished by its sumptuous luxury, including electric seat adjustment with memory, air suspension, aluminum wheels and separate temperature controls for front and rear passengers. The Eldorado means the height of the tail fin era. With its 4.6-liter V8 and 345 horsepower is he to be found to this day back on posters in boys' rooms and in several movies. The car symbolizes the America of the early 60s.
The Cadillac Eldorado ">
The Cadillac Eldorado going Later in the '60s Cadillac on with what it does best: innovate. In 1964 Cadillac delivers first electronically controlled climate control and light sensor. In height and depth adjustable steering wheel does its onset in 1965 and a year later presented the Detroit automaker stereo radio, speed-sensitive power steering and heated seats. Is there never anything wrong with Cadillac? Yes. In 1967 they beat woefully misses the mark by the 340 bhp Fleetwood Eldorado equip with front wheel drive. The Americans can not even care so much, but Europeans have long known that it simply does not work to resolve to have as much power to the front wheels. Fortunately Cadillac in 1970 again "back to basics" when they unveil the new Eldorado.
The new Eldorado, presented in 1970, features the biggest engine ever to be spooned into a mass production car: a 400 bhp 8.2 liter V8, the 2200 kg. heavy Caddy to 200 km / h drives. With increasing speeds Cadillac also introduced the important safety and in 1971 a system as the forerunner of ABS can be explained. In 1972, at the rather late, all Cadillac are equipped with seat belts. Two years later, the Americans put the forerunner of the airbag, the "Air Cushion Restraint System." The carburetor cool in 1975 for the first time on board, when the first American brand Cadillac develops electronic injection. In 1978, the brand is presenting for the first time the on-board computer and in the Seville.
After the 50s, 60s and 70s filled with highlights Cadillac begins in the 80s to lose some status. The Cadillac models can not in terms of technology and driving performance against the highly advanced models of Mercedes-Benz and BMW. Nevertheless Cadillac continues in America, "the car to have" witnessed the presence in many songs. In 1985, the Cadillac DeVille's first model of transverse V8 engine with front wheel drive. In 1989, the first Cadillac with adaptive shock absorbers in the market, it is the Allante convertible.
The Allante debuts in 1990 as the first front-wheel drive traction. In 1991 debuts a new Seville with Northstar engine. He has four valves per cylinder and gets 300 hp from a displacement of 4.6 liter. Cadillac continues to be successful in America but Europeans need only know little Yank. The cars are labeled as American and do not meet the requirements of European drivers. Especially in terms of workmanship, drivability and fuel use American products can not appeal to the Europeans. Cadillac Northstar continues to assist in the development of new systems. ABS and stability control are developed further. In 1997 Cadillac Seville comes with a new fifth generation at the IAA in Frankfurt. Despite a new design, new generation engines and impressive standard equipment quickly becomes clear how much Cadillac falls short when compared to Mercedes-Benz, BMW and Audi now also. Cadillac can simply no longer compete with the best in Europe. The Seville in Europe is therefore never a success, his role is limited to people who have absolutely no alternative to Audi, BMW or Mercedes to drive.
1998 was an important year for Cadillac. When we include this to Cadillac's success in Europe was a crucial year. In that year, the brand presents because their new "Art & Science" design philosophy. The first product of this is the Evoq concept car. The angular, sharp coach is controversial and is generally also by the European press, welcomed. 2000 and 2001 are marked by the introduction of more study models designed according to the Art & Science design and so the market is slowly prepared for the comeback of Cadillac. In 2002, Cadillac introduced the XLR convertible and the SRX SUV. This also means the return to the Netherlands. Kroymans are importing Cadillac.
Cadillac's Art & Science design
In recent years, Cadillac has renewed its model range temper. In addition to the XLR and SRX came among other things, the CLS and BLS have to compete in Europe in the business market. Really successful this attempt can not yet be named as one looks at the sales figures. But Cadillac knows that it needs time to establish themselves the land and the products of Cadillac made a huge quality leap. Cadillac Europe can rely on GM technology include Saab and Opel and that it makes no harm. European Cadillac are designed to European wishes and piecemeal Cadillac begins the confidence of European consumers to reclaim. With the arrival of their first diesel in 2008 and even their first station wagon Cadillac is also gaining ground in the business market. Cadillac in Europe had come from far away but knows significantly improved driving performance, value for money and appealing designs becoming more motorists to win.